Family Cyclopteridae - Lumpfishes
  Order
:
Cyclopteridae Cyclopteridae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 8 | Species : 27 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Arctic, northern regions of the North Pacific and North Atlantic. Most speciose in North Pacific. Sucking disk composed of modified pelvic fin elements; short gill openings; no normal scales; and no head spines. Vertebrae 23-29; globose or nearly globose body; 2 short dorsal fins; and a short anal fin. Most lumpfishes have spiny tubercles on the head and body. The number, structure and arrangement of the tubercles are important taxonomic characters. First dorsal fin with 4-8 spines, second dorsal with 8-13 soft rays located opposite an anal fin with 7-13 soft rays. Dorsal and anal fins not confluent with caudal fin, a definite caudal peduncle present. Caudal fin large and slightly rounded. Pectoral fins with 19-29 rays, extending ventrally in front of the pelvic disk. Nostrils tubular, two pairs. Cephalic lateral line canals well developed (occipital absent in some species); pores of operculomandibular canals extended externally as barbel-like tubes in some species. Trunk lateral line canal absent or short; superficial neuromasts, papillate in some species, present. Small, conical teeth on jaws arranged in a few rows or narrow bands. Gill opening entirely above pectoral fin base, except extending a little below upper corner of pectoral base in Cyclopterus. Branchiostegal rays 6. Swim bladder absent. Maximum length 61 cm. Marine; most species benthic on continental shelf and upper slope. A few species are primarily pelagic in deeper waters. Some, maybe all, spawn in shallow coastal waters, sometimes migrating hundreds of miles. After spawning, males guards the eggs. Diet in benthic environment includes polychaetes, crustaceans and mollusks. Pelagic diet comprises slow-moving prey, mostly medusae and ctenophores. In what may be partly a defensive reaction, they inflate their bodies by swallowing air or water. Also known as lumpsuckers. Nelson 1994 (Ref. 7463) recognizes Liparidae as a separate family.
  Etymology
:
Greek, kyklos = circle + Greek, pteryx, pterygion = fin ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
guarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Eupercaria | | | Perciformes | Cottoidei | Cottales | Cyclopteridae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Cyclopteridae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Cyclopterus lumpus Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyclopterus minutus Pallas, 1769
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Cyclopterus caeruleus Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal
Lumpus vulgaris McMurtrie, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Lumpus anglorum DeKay, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
! Cyclopteropsis brashnikovi (Schmidt, 1904)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
! Cyclopteropsis macalpini (Fowler, 1914)
synonymseniornew
Cyclopteropsis jordani Soldatov, 1929
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyclopteropsis popovi Soldatov, 1929
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Cyclopteropsis inarmatus Mednikov & Prokhorov, 1956
acceptedseniororiginal
Aptocyclus ventricosus (Pallas, 1769)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Cyclopterichthys glaber Steindachner, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal
Elephantichthys copeianus Hubbs & Schultz, 1934
synonymjuniororiginal
Pelagocyclus vitiazi Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
synonymjuniororiginal
Eumicrotremus spinosus (Fabricius, 1776)
acceptedseniornew
Cyclopterus spinosus Fabricius, 1776
synonymseniororiginal
Lethotremus armouri Fowler, 1914
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
! Eumicrotremus eggvini Koefoed, 1956
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Eumicrotremus andriashevi (non Perminov, 1937)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Eumicrotremus terraenovae (non Myers & Böhlke, 1950)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Eumicrotremus orbis (Günther, 1861)
acceptedseniornew
Cyclopterus orbis Günther, 1861
synonymseniororiginal
Eumicrotremus orbis orbis (Günther, 1861)
synonymseniornew
Microtremus orbis (Günther, 1861)
synonymseniornew
Lethotremus vinolentus Jordan & Starks, 1895
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Eumicrotremus gyrinops (Garman, 1892)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Eumicrotremus pacificus chinensis Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Eumicrotremus phrynoides Gilbert & Burke, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal
Cyclopterocottus phrynoides (Gilbert & Burke, 1912)
synonymseniornew
Cyclopteropsis phrynoides (Gilbert & Burke, 1912)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in species
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal
Eumicrotremus terraenovae Myers & Böhlke, 1950
acceptedseniororiginal
Eumicrotremus barbatus (Lindberg & Legeza, 1955)
acceptedseniornew
Cyclopteropsis barbatus Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
synonymseniororiginal
Eumicrotremus schmidti Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
acceptedseniororiginal
Eumicrotremus tartaricus Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Eumicrotremus orbis tartaricus Lindberg & Legeza, 1955
synonymseniororiginal
Eumicrotremus fedorovi Mandrytsa, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal
Lethotremus muticus Gilbert, 1896
acceptedseniororiginal
! Lethrotremus muticus Gilbert, 1896
synonymseniororiginal
Lethotremus awae Jordan & Snyder, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
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