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Strangomera bentincki (Norman, 1936)

Araucanian herring
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Strangomera bentincki
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Clupeinae
  More on author: Norman.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; tiefenbereich 0 - 70 m (Ref. 54915).   Subtropical; 30°S - 37°S, 74°W - 70°W (Ref. 54915)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: Coquimbo, Valparaiso and south to Talcahuano, Chile; perhaps reaches further south to Mocha Island, but more southerly records may refer to Sprattus fuegensis. Subspecies have been noted (Ref. 6698): Strangomera bentincki bentincki (Talcahuano southward) and Strangomera bentincki cuga (Valparaiso to Talcahuano).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 10 - 11 cm
Max length : 28.4 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 27363)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 13-21; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 12 - 23. Belly not strongly keeled (Ref. 188). Body dark blue dorsally and silvery white ventrally. Fins translucent (Ref. 27363).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs in schools at or near the surface in coastal waters. Feeds on plankton, especially diatoms (filter-feeding). Breeds mainly from June to November, from a length of about 10 cm. Eggs and larvae are planktonic (Ref. 52017). Mainly used for fishmeal.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Apparently releases planktonic eggs (similar to the demersal eggs of northern hemisphere Clupea).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: hoch kommerziell
FAO(Fischereien: production, Artbeschreibung; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00347 - 0.01045), b=3.10 (2.94 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.30 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (K=0.6).
Prior r = 1.11, 95% CL = 0.73 - 1.67, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Low.