Strangomera bentincki (Norman, 1936)
Araucanian herring
photo by FAO

Family:  Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens), subfamily: Clupeinae
Max. size:  28.39 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 70 m
Distribution:  Southeast Pacific: Coquimbo, Valparaiso and south to Talcahuano, Chile; perhaps reaches further south to Mocha Island, but more southerly records may refer to Sprattus fuegensis. Subspecies have been noted (Ref. 6698): Strangomera bentincki bentincki (Talcahuano southward) and Strangomera bentincki cuga (Valparaiso to Talcahuano).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-21; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 12-23. Belly not strongly keeled (Ref. 188). Body dark blue dorsally and silvery white ventrally. Fins translucent (Ref. 27363).
Biology:  Occurs in schools at or near the surface in coastal waters. Feeds on plankton, especially diatoms (filter-feeding). Breeds mainly from June to November, from a length of about 10 cm. Eggs and larvae are planktonic (Ref. 52017). Mainly used for fishmeal.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 28 February 2017 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 09.06.17
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 23.07.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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