Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Coryphaenoides: Greek, koryphaina = dolphin fish + Suffix oides = similar to (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Goode & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 430 - 4700 m (Ref. 58426), usually ? - 2400 m (Ref. 117245). Deep-water; 65°N - 40°S, 70°W - 1°W
Northeast Atlantic: east of southern Greenland southward to the Azores; Irish continental slope to the Bay of Biscay and off northern Spain. Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462). Western Atlantic off the coasts of North America.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6187)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Mandible with a single row of teeth. Spinules or scales disposed in slightly diverging rows. Head scaled except for gular and branchiostegal membranes, lower surface of snout and sub orbital region, lunate area on either side of the snout. Body pale brown, lips, lining of gill cavities and peritoneum blackish (Ref. 37108).
Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on small crustaceans (Ref. 6187) and worms (Ref. 58426).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.6 - 4.2, mean 3.2 (based on 1231 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.44 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .