Ecology of Symphodus mediterraneus
 
Main Ref. Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Symphodus mediterraneus may be found.
Remarks Littoral, found mainly in eel-grass beds. Often in pairs. Males nest-makers. Feeds mainly on molluscs, gastropods, bivalves, tubicolous worms, chitons, sea urchins and bryozoans.

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.23 0.17 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Bell, J.D. and M.L. Harmelin-Vivien, 1983
From individual food items 3.15 0.37 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.07.00
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 09.28.04
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