Ecology of Exyrias puntang
 
Main Ref. Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen, 1993
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Exyrias puntang may be found.
Remarks Inhabits muddy bottoms of shallow, turbid marine to brackish coastal inlets and estuaries.

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen, 2006

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen, 1993
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Masuda, H. and G.R. Allen, 1993
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.50 0.37 Tentative trophic level derived from 1 + troph of a single food item
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 05.21.01
Modified by Casal, Christine Marie V. on 04.04.18
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 05.30.01
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