Ecology of Trachurus symmetricus
 
Main Ref. Konchina, Y.V., 1983
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Trachurus symmetricus may be found.
Remarks Often found offshore, up to 500 miles from the coast (Ref. 9283). Forms large schools (Ref. 2850). Young frequently occur in school near kelp and under piers (Ref. 2850). Feeds mainly on small crustaceans and fish larvae (Ref. 9283). Large individuals often move inshore and north in the summer (Ref. 2850).

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Konchina, Y.V., 1983
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Konchina, Y.V., 1983
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.57 0.20 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Konchina, Y.V. and Y.P. Pavlov, 1995
From individual food items 3.82 0.52 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Luna, Susan M. on 06.10.91
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 06.19.08
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 07.17.01
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