Epinephelus malabaricus was reported from 48 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 45 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 3 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 0 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Tonga, north to Japan, south to Australia. It is not known from the Persian Gulf, where the closely related Epinephelus coioides is common.
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Table 1: Present in 45 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 5222
Oceania Australia AUS native 78751
Asia China CHN native 5222
Africa Comoros COM native 5222
Africa Djibouti DJI native 5222
Africa Egypt EGY native 5222
Africa Eritrea ERI native 5222
Oceania Fiji FJI native 5222
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 31075
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5222
Asia Iran IRN native 47613
Asia Iraq IRQ native 115087
Asia Israel ISR native 5222
Asia Japan JPN native 559
Asia Jordan JOR native 5222
Africa Kenya KEN native 4787
Africa Madagascar MDG native 4787
Asia Malaysia MYS native 5222
Asia Maldives MDV native 5515
Europe Malta MLT introduced 95692
Africa Mayotte MYT native 97629
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 37816
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 5213
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 50303
Asia Oman OMN native 11441
Asia Pakistan PAK native 2872
Oceania Palau PLW native 5222
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6192
Asia Philippines PHL native 5222
Asia Ryukyu Is. RYU native 559
Asia Saudi Arabia SAU native 5222
Africa Seychelles SYC native 4787
Asia Singapore SGP native 5222
Africa Somalia SOM native 30573
Africa South Africa ZAF native 4787
Asia Sri Lanka LKA native 5222
Africa Sudan SDN native 5222
Asia Taiwan TWN native 4787
Africa Tanzania TZA native 4787
Asia Thailand THA native 37773
Asia Timor-Leste TLS native 78572
Oceania Tonga TON native 4787
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 46893
Asia Yemen YEM native 5222

Table 2: Possible in 3 countries/islands (stray, questionable)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Mauritius MUS questionable 58078
Africa Réunion REU questionable 53568
Africa Rodriguez ROD questionable 3153

Table 4: Reported from 48 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 5222
Oceania Australia AUS native 78751
Asia China CHN native 5222
Africa Comoros COM native 5222
Africa Djibouti DJI native 5222
Africa Egypt EGY native 5222
Africa Eritrea ERI native 5222
Oceania Fiji FJI native 5222
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 31075
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5222
Asia Iran IRN native 47613
Asia Iraq IRQ native 115087
Asia Israel ISR native 5222
Asia Japan JPN native 559
Asia Jordan JOR native 5222
Africa Kenya KEN native 4787
Africa Madagascar MDG native 4787
Asia Malaysia MYS native 5222
Asia Maldives MDV native 5515
Europe Malta MLT introduced 95692
Africa Mauritius MUS questionable 58078
Africa Mayotte MYT native 97629
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 37816
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 5213
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 50303
Asia Oman OMN native 11441
Asia Pakistan PAK native 2872
Oceania Palau PLW native 5222
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6192
Asia Philippines PHL native 5222
Africa Réunion REU questionable 53568
Africa Rodriguez ROD questionable 3153
Asia Ryukyu Is. RYU native 559
Asia Saudi Arabia SAU native 5222
Africa Seychelles SYC native 4787
Asia Singapore SGP native 5222
Africa Somalia SOM native 30573
Africa South Africa ZAF native 4787
Asia Sri Lanka LKA native 5222
Africa Sudan SDN native 5222
Asia Taiwan TWN native 4787
Africa Tanzania TZA native 4787
Asia Thailand THA native 37773
Asia Timor-Leste TLS native 78572
Oceania Tonga TON native 4787
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 46893
Asia Yemen YEM native 5222
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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