Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335); dubius: From the terminal phase (Ref. 2689).
More on author: Bennett.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: found only in the Hawaiian Islands. Occurrences outside Hawaii are all misidentifications.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3921)
Inhabits seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Grazes on benthic algae. Protogynous (Ref. 55080).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Size at sex change: 26.4 - 39.8 cm TL (Ref. 55080).
Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall, 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref. 35918)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.9 - 29.1, mean 26.2 °C (based on 83 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00671 - 0.03113), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 42.6 [27.6, 69.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.759 [0.529, 1.156] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.5, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.087 [0.060, 0.128] g/100g ; Selenium = 16.7 [10.4, 26.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 54.9 [16.8, 176.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.32 [1.76, 3.01] mg/100g (wet weight);