Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Osburn & Nichols.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 24 m (Ref. 5227). Tropical; 28°N - 1°S
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California and the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 68.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Found in rocky, boulder strewn reefs and slopes. Commonly occurs in reefs with reef building stony corals. Feeds by scraping algae from rocks and corals (Ref. 5227). Uncommon species. Only caught occasionally.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall, 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref. 35918)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 22.5 - 29.1, mean 26.9 °C (based on 182 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00671 - 0.03113), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 27.8 [18.1, 46.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.652 [0.447, 0.991] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.6, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.0788 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.1 [12.4, 32.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.1 [12.3, 131.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.95 [1.47, 2.52] mg/100g (wet weight);