Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Holocentriformes
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335); hormion: From the Greek word 'hormion' meaning necklace or string of things, referring to the conspicuous series of 6 white spots anteriorly in the red spinous part of the dorsal fin..
More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 42 m (Ref. 27370). Tropical
Pacific Ocean: Cook Islands, Pitcairn, and French Polynesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27370)
soft rays: 8 - 10;
Vertebrae: 27. Body striped red and silvery white, the red stripes about 3 times as broad as the white; spinous part of dorsal fin red except for white tips and a row of 6 white spots, one per membrane, near the base of the fin. Upper edge of suborbital bones below anterior half of orbit spineless and not serrate; small spine at medioposterior margin of nasal bone usually absent; nasal fossa without spinules; small preopercular spine, usually less than half orbit diameter; body depth 2.8-3.1 in SL; head length 2.7-3.05 in SL; longest dorsal spines, 1.9-2.2 in head length; third anal spine 1.2-1.45 in head length. Anal rays usually 9; pectoral usually 5 (Ref. 27370).
Occurs on rocky bottom or coral reefs (Ref. 27370).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.1 - 28.3, mean 27.4 °C (based on 113 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00756 - 0.03322), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 71.9 [28.6, 272.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.567 [0.229, 1.721] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.3, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.153 [0.066, 0.351] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.7 [18.4, 58.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 87.7 [33.9, 234.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.13 [0.90, 4.08] mg/100g (wet weight);