Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Pempheridae
Etymology: Pempheris: Greek, pempheris = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 30 m (Ref. 9002). Temperate
Southwest Pacific: endemic to southeastern Australia. New Zealand reports (Ref. 5755) of this species appear to be erroneous (Ref. 27767).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002)
Usually found on offshore reefs, in large schools. Juveniles found on coastal reefs and near entrance of coastal estuaries with rocky reefs.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kuiter, R.H., 1993. Coastal fishes of south-eastern Australia. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, Hawaii. 437 p. (Ref. 9002)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.4 - 22.7, mean 17.9 °C (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00654 - 0.03667), b=3.00 (2.79 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 21.7 [10.7, 39.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.27 [0.15, 0.45] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [17.9, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.322 [0.178, 0.608] g/100g ; Selenium = 7.7 [3.5, 18.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 36.2 [8.6, 154.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.726 [0.452, 1.143] mg/100g (wet weight);