Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 30 - ? m (Ref. 9002). Temperate
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found in coastal waters in rocky reefs, ledges and caves during day (Ref. 9002).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McAllister, D.E., 1990. A working list of fishes of the world. Copies available from D.E. McAllister, Canadian Museum of Nature, P.O. Box 3443, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 6P4, Canada. 2661 p. plus 1270 p. Index. (Ref. 27116)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00547 - 0.03037), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 86.8 [46.7, 175.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.496 [0.253, 0.902] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [17, 19] % ; Omega3 = 0.453 [0.236, 0.887] g/100g ; Selenium = 8.07 [3.95, 17.50] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.4 [3.3, 54.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.746 [0.498, 1.135] mg/100g (wet weight);