Teleostei (teleosts) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Microspathodontinae
Etymology: Parma: Latin, parma, -ae = a little shield.
More on author: Whitley.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 2 - 20 m (Ref. 7247). Tropical
Western Pacific: eastern Australia between Cape Tribulation, Queensland and Sydney, New South Wales.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7247)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Museum specimens indicate that this species is probably most abundant in non-coral reef coastal waters, although one specimen at the Australian Museum was taken at Great Island on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Life history characteristics for the family specify that this group is oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Diurnal species (Ref. 113699).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Life history characteristics for the family specify that this group is oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.3 - 28.2, mean 26.9 °C (based on 680 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00934 - 0.04069), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.24 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 81.5 [41.5, 129.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.655 [0.404, 1.069] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [17.1, 19.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.101 [0.063, 0.161] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.1 [13.1, 42.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 83.2 [22.9, 279.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.59 [1.10, 2.29] mg/100g (wet weight);