Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Ictaluridae
(North American freshwater catfishes)
Etymology: Noturus: Greek, noton = back + Greek, oura = tail; refred to the position of the tail over the back (Ref. 45335); stigmosus: stigmosus meaning marked or branded, referring to the two light spots typically present just anterior to the dorsal spine (Ref. 10294).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 43°N - 36°N
North America: Lake Erie and Ohio River basins from western Pennsylvania, southern Michigan and eastern Kentucky to Ohio River in western Kentucky, USA; tributaries of Mississippi River in western Tennessee and northern Mississippi, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 6.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits mixed sand and rock riffles and runs with debris in small to large, often swift rivers. Forages at night, feeding largely on aquatic insect larvae (Ref. 55397).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00250 - 0.01267), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.58 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).