Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Macropharyngodon: Greek, makros = great + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx + Greek,odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-Pacific: Sri Lanka, western Australia, Indonesia and New Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30874)
soft rays: 11. Brown to greenish with pearly to metallic-green spots along scale rows (Ref. 48636). Females reddish anteriorly, shading to blackish posteriorly, with greenish yellow spots edged in blue and black (1 per scale) on body and similar spots and irregular bands on head. Males similar in colour to females, with no black humeral spot (Ref 9823).
Inhabits lagoon and sheltered seaward reefs, in areas with mixed sand, rubble, and coral to at least 30 m. Occurs singly or in small groups (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1978. A revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Macropharyngodon, with descriptions of five new species. Bull. Mar. Sci. 28(4):742-770. (Ref. 2694)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.2 - 29.2, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2494 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00468 - 0.02039), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 104 [61, 216] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.782 [0.449, 1.341] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [15.9, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.171 [0.105, 0.274] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.6 [15.7, 50.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 133 [43, 430] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.8 [1.2, 3.2] mg/100g (wet weight);