Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Malacanthidae
Etymology: Hoplolatilus: Greek, hoplon = weapon + Latin, latus = wide (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Randall & Dooley.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 25 - 115 m (Ref. 1602), usually 30 - 115 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115); 30°N - 25°S, 48°E - 149°W
Indo-Pacific: Maldives and Mauritius to the Society Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
(total): 3 - 5;
soft rays: 19 - 20;
Vertebrae: 24. Preopercular serrae 30-58. H. cuniculus is variable in coloration, ranging from pale olive brown to yellowish or light greenish or a mixture with some geographic variation (Ref. 37816). Greatest depth of body 5.1-6.3 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Inhabits muddy to rubble or rubble-sand areas of outer reef slopes. Observed a meter above the substrate and retreats to a burrow when threatened. Stomach contents consist of calanoid copepods (58% by volume), larvaceans (20%), siphonophores (20%), and fish eggs (2%) (Ref. 8991). Sometimes in loose groups (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Displays obligate monogamy where a one-to-one pair is established irrespective of resource abundance (Ref. 52884).
Randall, J.E. and J.K. Dooley, 1974. Revision of the Indo-Pacific branchiostegid fish genus Hoplolatilus, with descriptions of two new species. Copeia 1974(2):457-471. (Ref. 9870)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 20.2 - 27.9, mean 25.4 °C (based on 282 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00238 - 0.01210), b=3.03 (2.82 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 95.1 [50.6, 151.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.765 [0.471, 1.261] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.4, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.108 [0.063, 0.188] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.5 [17.8, 71.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 166 [60, 491] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.48 [1.00, 2.04] mg/100g (wet weight);