Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 60 m (Ref. 9563). Temperate; 28°S - 45°S, 115°E - 155°E
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Perth, Western Australia to New South Wales, including Tasmania (Ref. 9563).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563)
Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 9563). Inhabits rock reef (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15 - 20.5, mean 17.1 °C (based on 142 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.00742 - 0.04676), b=3.01 (2.80 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 20.2 [9.0, 45.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.218 [0.117, 0.417] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.1, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.454 [0.185, 1.305] g/100g ; Selenium = 7.37 [3.21, 19.44] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 75.1 [17.8, 321.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.7 [0.4, 1.2] mg/100g (wet weight);