Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Ecsenius: Greek, exenios, -os, -on = uncontrolled, immoderate.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 3 - 25 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Central Pacific: Indonesia and Malaysia (Ref. 50537).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Two distinct forms between the two sexes. Males are with red stripes while females have black stripes and a yellowish head (Ref. 48636).
Found at depths of 3-25 m, solitary or in small groups around sponges and tunicates on coral outcrops (Ref. 90102) and in reef crests with large rounded corals (Ref. 8631, 48636), or encrusted sponges to about 10 m depth. Females are commonly seen and seem to outnumber males (Ref. 48636). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Springer, V.G., 1988. The Indo-Pacific blenniid fish genus Ecsenius. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. (465):134 p. (Ref. 5296)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.4 - 29.3, mean 28.8 °C (based on 714 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00335 - 0.01640), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 224 [109, 504] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.2 [0.7, 2.2] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.8, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.113 [0.055, 0.223] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.3 [10.7, 56.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 76.7 [20.2, 289.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.85 [1.73, 4.79] mg/100g (wet weight);