Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 5217). Tropical; 33°N - 2°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: Bermuda (Ref. 7251), Florida (USA), Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea and Brazil to 2°S; absent from Bahamas and West Indies (Ref. 7251).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Found on soft bottom (Ref. 5217). Synchronously hermaphroditic. Good food fish (Ref. 5217).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Simultaneous hermaphrodite. Has a well developed accessory reproductive structure (ARS) which consists of a post-ovarian sinus and numerous well-developed villi which project into the sinus from the sinus wall (Ref. 102260).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion