Teleostei (teleosts) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Aulostomidae
Etymology: Aulostomus: Greek, aulos = flute + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 25 m (Ref. 6554). Tropical
Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde (including other islands) and from the tropical West African coast.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6554)
Coastal species (Ref. 27000). Occurs over rocky bottoms in shallow inshore waters. Feeds mainly on small fishes (Ref. 6554).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, gonochorous, with pelagic eggs (Ref. 101194).
Fritzsche, R.A., 1990. Aulostomidae. p. 653. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6554)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 15.5 - 27.7, mean 20.2 °C (based on 161 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00162 (0.00069 - 0.00381), b=3.25 (3.05 - 3.45), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 150 [84, 327] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.56 [0.85, 2.71] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [16.6, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.154 [0.077, 0.299] g/100g ; Selenium = 84.3 [40.1, 191.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.2 [3.8, 32.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.96 [0.64, 1.42] mg/100g (wet weight);