Teleostei (teleosts) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: More on authors: Allen & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 15 m (Ref. 26154). Temperate
Western Pacific: Capricorn Group on the southern Great Barrier Reef and Chesterfield Group in the Coral Sea, and Sydney, New South Wales of Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26154)
Benthic species which inhabits coral reef (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R. and J.E. Randall, 1993. Three new species of cardinalfishes (Apogonidae) from Australia and adjacent seas. Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 19(4):107-114. (Ref. 26154)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.5 - 28.3, mean 26.6 °C (based on 403 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00514 - 0.02340), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 75.4 [30.9, 194.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.479 [0.218, 0.942] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [17.8, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.429 [0.169, 1.098] g/100g ; Selenium = 6.03 [2.11, 16.87] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 63 [13, 317] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.38 [0.77, 2.36] mg/100g (wet weight);