Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Anisotremus: Greek, anisos = unequal + Greek, trema, -atos = hole (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 5227), usually 3 - 12 m (Ref. 5227). Tropical; 1°N - 24°S, 92°W - 70°W
Eastern Pacific: De Manta, Ecuador to Antofagasta, Chile.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 58.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122662); max. published weight: 896.00 g (Ref. 53696)
Forms schools in open water above rocky, boulder strewn reefs and slopes and hard substrate with good water movement (Ref. 5227). Feeds on benthic invertebrates and floating organic matter (Ref. 28023).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Thomson, D.A., 1987. Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez. The rocky-shore fishes of the Gulf of California. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 302 p. (Ref. 5592)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 19.2 - 23.9, mean 20.5 °C (based on 98 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00806 - 0.01879), b=3.02 (2.89 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 27.3 [12.8, 56.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.49 [0.25, 0.89] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [17, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.0929 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.1 [18.2, 60.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 49 [15, 157] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.891 [0.581, 1.362] mg/100g (wet weight);