Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Gastromyzontidae
Etymology: microcephala: Name from Latin adjectives m'icro-' for small and 'cephala' meaning head, referring to its small head; as an adjective..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 120400)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished among the barred group in Vanmanenia by the following set of characters: lateral side of the body with 14-22 vermiculations, the widths smaller than the diameter of the eye (vs. 10-15 regular bars with widths equal to the diameter of the eye in V. tetraloba); dorsal side of head covered with a large black blotch (vs. several short dark brown vermiculations in V. striata, V. tetraloba); gill opening smaller, its upper angle level with the lower edge of the eye (vs. opening larger and its upper angle aligned with the middle point of the eye in V. crassicauda, V. serrilineata, V. striata, V. tetraloba); dorsal part of the body with 4-6 black saddles (vs. 7-9 in V. striata); patch of the caudal-fin base dissociated, not connected to the upper and lower margin of the caudal peduncle (vs. connected in V. tetraloba); head smaller, its depth 45.2-47.1% HL (vs. head larger, depth 48.1-60.0% HL in V. striata, V. tetraloba) (Ref. 120400).
Inhabits rapids, torrents, and waterfalls. Feeds mainly on algae attached to rocks and on organic residues and small aquatic insects (Ref. 120400).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Li, X., W. Zhou and X.-J. Che, 2019. Loaches of Vanmanenia (Cypriniformes: Gastromyzontidae) from Yunnan, China with description of a new species. Zootaxa 4603(1):125-144. (Ref. 120400)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00256 - 0.01420), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).