Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Congridae
(Conger and garden eels) > Congrinae
Etymology: Uroconger: Greek, oura = tail + Latin, conger = conger (Ref. 45335). More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 18 - 760 m (Ref. 41285), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and Natal, South Africa (Ref. 5323) to Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9603)
Vertebrae: 210. Light grey-brown, lighter ventrally, fins darker (Ref. 5323). Head small. Skin soft, without scales. Dorsal originating slightly beyond tip of pectoral fin. Pectoral fin short. Anal fin inserted before middle of the body (Ref. 41285).
Occurs offshore, on soft sandy mud (Ref. 305730 and in coastal areas with sandy bottoms (Ref. 5213). Benthopelagic or benthic at 622-704 m (Ref. 58302). Feeds mainly on small benthic crustaceans (Ref. 9603).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.4 - 23, mean 16 °C (based on 697 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00058 (0.00031 - 0.00106), b=3.15 (2.99 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .