Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mulliformes
(Goatfishes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335); saiab: Named for the South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB); noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 29 - 40 m (Ref. 94148), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean, Mozambique.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94148)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VII + 9; pectoral fins 14-15; gill rakers 8-9 + 20-21 = 29; lateral-line scales 29-30; body depth at first dorsal-fin origin 21-24; body depth at anus 17-19; caudal-peduncle depth 8.7-9.2; maximum head depth 18-20; head depth through eye 15-17; interorbital length 7.0-8.2; head length 29-30; postorbital distance 12-13; orbit length 6.8-7.5; upper jaw length 9.5-12; barbel length 19-22; interdorsal distance 14-16; caudal-fin length 27-29; anal-fin height 14-16; pelvic-fin length 20-21; pectoral-fin length 20-21; first dorsal-fin height 19-22; second dorsal-fin height 14-16; pigmentation and colour when fresh: upper lobe of caudal fin with 5 red oblique bars including one on tip; lower caudal-fin lobe covered mostly with red pigmentation ending in a black tip; barbels white; body and postorbital region ventrally white and dorsally ochre, bordered at mid body by a faint lateral pale ochre stripe from behind eye to caudal base, head ochre from snout to cheek and ventrally white; preserved fish pale brown, bars on upper caudal-fin lobe and the lower lobe pigmented tip only weakly retained (Ref. 94148).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uiblein, F. and M. Lisher, 2013. A new goatfish of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) from Angoche, northern Mozambique. Zootaxa 3717(1):85-95. (Ref. 94148)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00451 - 0.02020), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .