Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mulliformes
(Goatfishes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Upeneus: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip (Ref. 45335); lombok: Named for its type locality, Lombok (Indonesia); noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 54 - 60 m (Ref. 102936), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia (Lombok).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 102936)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VII + 9; pectoral fins 14 or 15; gill rakers 7-8 + 20-21 = 27-29; measurements for adults (for subadult in parentheses) in % SL: body depth at first dorsal-fin origin 21-23 (23); body depth at anus 19 (18); caudal-peduncle depth 9.2-9.3 (9.5); maximum head depth 19-20 (19); head depth through eye 14-15 (16); interorbital length 7.2-8.3 (7.8); head length 28-30 (29); snout length 9.2-9.6 (9.0); postorbital length 12 (12); orbit length 7.5-7.9 (8.4); upper jaw length 9.4-9.7 (9.8); barbel length 19-20 (17); caudal-peduncle length 21-23 (24); caudal-fin length 28-29 (29); anal-fin height 12-13 (15); pelvic-fin length 21-22 (20); pectoral-fin length 20-21 (21); first dorsal-fin height 19 (20); second dorsal-fin height 14 (16); colour of subadult when fresh: upper lobe of caudal fin with 3 red-brown obli ue bars including 1 bar close to tip (5 bars in preserved adult); lower caudal-fin lobe covered on inner (dorsal) two-thirds with dark red-brown pigmentation, the distal-most (ventral) 3 rays mostly unpigmented or whitish; barbels white; body dorsally darkened and head entirely dark apart from silvery scale regions below and behind eyes; preserved fish dark brown, ventrally lighter; bars on upper caudal-fin lobe and lower lobe pigmentation not or only weakly retained in preserved fish (Ref. 102936).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uiblein, F. and W.T. White, 2015. A new goatfish of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) from Lombok, Indonesia and first verified record of U. asymmetricus for the Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 3980(1):51-66. (Ref. 102936)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00451 - 0.02020), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .