Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 0 - 70 m (Ref. 55786). Tropical; 21°N - 20°N
Central America: Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55786); 8.9 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 59 - 68;
Vertebrae: 40 - 43. This species is distinguished by the following characters: anterior nostril placed low on snout; tip of opercular spine free; 2 pairs of psedoclaspers, inner one positioned in front of outer one; eyes not visible (eyes minute black dots in specimens less than 20 mm SL); head naked; otolith with fused colliculi; 3 lower preopercular pores; maxillary strongly vertically expanded posteriorly, knob at rear corner; 5-7 prolonged rakers on anterior gill arch; anterior anal fin pterygiophore elongated; pseudobranchial filaments absent (Ref. 55786).
Uncommon species found in caves and sinkholes (Ref. 34024). Associated with the blind synbranchid fish Ophisternon infernale (Hubbs, 1938) and several blind crustacean species. In only one cave, it was found with the catfish Rhamdia guatemalensis (Günther, 1864). This species does not react to flashlights, but darted away at the slightest vibration; it seems to feed on troglobitic shrimps and mysids. Newly-born juveniles are light yellow and about 20 mm long (Ref. 55786).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Møller, P.R., W. Schwarzhans and J.G. Nielsen, 2004. Review of the American Dinematichthyini (Teleostei, Bythitidae). Part I. Dinematichthys, Gunterichthys, Typhliasina and two new genera. aqua, J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 8(4):141-192. (Ref. 55786)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec < 100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).