Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 275 m (Ref. 54927), usually 50 - 275 m (Ref. 54927). Tropical; 46°N - 13°N, 105°E - 148°E
Northwest Pacific: southern Japan, Korean Peninsula to the East China Sea. Pacific Ocean off the coast of southeast Asia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 19.0, range 18 - 20 cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557); max. published weight: 660.00 g (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 12 years (Ref. 56557)
Adults occur on continental waters (Ref. 41299). Pelagic (Ref. 52947). Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed (Ref. 12114, 12115).
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial