Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Trachinotinae
Etymology: Trachinotus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek,noton = back (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range - 70 m (Ref. 9626), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 12°N - 35°S
Western Atlantic: Guajira Peninsula, Colombia and Venezuela to Paraiba, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Adults are found over sandy and muddy bottoms in coastal waters and river mouths (Ref. 35237). Juveniles often found in estuaries (9626). Spawning generally occurs in summer. Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 35237). Good food fish, consumed fresh (Ref. 9626).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Berry, F.H. and W.F. Smith-Vaniz, 1978. Carangidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 1. FAO, Rome. [var. pag.]. (Ref. 3277)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.7 - 28, mean 27.4 °C (based on 112 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00582 - 0.02724), b=2.96 (2.77 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 178 [95, 359] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.15 [0.71, 2.36] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.2, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.559 [0.270, 1.175] g/100g ; Selenium = 77.9 [38.1, 164.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17.4 [5.8, 48.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.16 [0.76, 1.76] mg/100g (wet weight);