Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Dorosomatidae
(Gizzard shads and sardinellas)
Etymology: Thrattidion: Diminutive of Greek, thratta, -es = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Roberts.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 6°N - 3°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 23 - 25;
Vertebrae: 45 - 47. Diagnosis: Small and slender or moderately deep-bodied fishes, its depth 20-28% of standard length, perhaps not reaching much over 2 cm standard length; belly rounded, pre-pelvic scutes 4-7, with lateral arms, but without keels; pelvic scute with 2 or 3 lateral arms; post-pelvic scutes 3-5, keeled and with arms; posterior supra-maxilla absent; lower gillrakers 10-12; pelvic insertion well before dorsal fin, with 1 unbranched and 6-7 branched finrays; anal fin beginning under dorsal fin base (Ref. 188, 81631, 93833). The presence of scutes distinguishes Thrattidion noctivagus from Congothrissa gossei and the absence of a posterior supra-maxilla distinguishes it from all other West or Central African pellonulines (Ref. 188).
A riverine species, collected only at dusk and dawn in swiftly flowing water of about 1 m just above the hydro-electric dam at Edea, Cameroon (Ref. 188). It feeds on plankton and some terrestrial insects (Ref. 188).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G., 2007. Clupeidae. p. 186-204. In M.L.J. Stiassny, G.G. Teugels and C.D. Hopkins (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of Lower Guinea, West-Central Africa. Volume I. Collection Faune et Flore tropicales 42. Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, and Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium. 800 pp. (Ref. 81631)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00433 - 0.01920), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.42 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).