Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 39°N - 37°N
North America: Atlantic Slope from upper Potomac River drainage in Virginia and West Virginia to Roanoke River drainage in northern central Virginia and adjacent West Virginia (absent in York River system), USA; upper New River drainage in Virginia (apparently extirpated), USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits rocky riffles and runs of moderate to swift creeks and small rivers. Young occur in rocky runs and pools.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion