Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 90 - 800 m (Ref. 4479). Deep-water; 40°N - 35°S, 131°E - 21°E
Atlantic Ocean: 40°N to 20°N; disjunct distribution between 30°N and about 14°N and between 8°S and 23°S in the eastern sector (recorded from 34°05'15''S, 16°00'45''E, Ref. 4066); also between 17°S and 28°S in the western sector. Indian Ocean: between 20°S and 30°S. Western Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Central and northeast Pacific: between 35°N and 12°N.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 6.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
High-oceanic species found between 1-800 m during the day and between 90-600 m at night (large specimens between 200 and 400 m) (Ref. 4479). Size stratification with depth at night (Ref. 4775). Epipelagic to mesopelagic (Ref. 31442). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and neustonic larvae (Ref. 31442).
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.8 - 20.4, mean 14.1 °C (based on 288 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00216 - 0.01160), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .