Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Synodontidae
(Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); vityazi: Named for the research vessel Vityaz II, for its great contribution to deep-sea fish research and for collecting the type series described in present study.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 36 - 40 m (Ref. 84021). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Northeast Madagascar.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84021)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 56 - 57. This species is distinguished by the following combination of characters: D 12-13; A 9-10; pectoral rays 12-13; lateral line scales 56-58; scales between lateral line and base of dorsal fin 3.5; median predorsal scales 16-17; vertebrae 56-57; peritoneal spots 8; anterior palatine teeth not longer than posterior teeth; preopercle scaled posterior to corner of mouth; membranous posterior flap of anterior nostril slender, with a pointed tip, reaching to above posterior nostril when laid back; pectoral fins reaching a line connecting dorsal and pelvic fin origins, fin length 2.3-2.6 in head length; pelvic processes wedge-shaped, broad at base; color in alcohol with no marking, deep brown on dorsal surface restricted to central two-third of head and body longitudinally, about 2 scale rows above the lateral line, lateral and ventral surface uniformly silvery white without any blotch; all fins colorless, except for inner edge of caudal fin fork that is black (Ref. 84021).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ho, H.-C., A.M. Prokofiev and K.-T. Shao, 2010. Synodus cresseyi Prokofiev, 2008, an unnecessary replacement for S. macrocephalus Cressey, 1981, and a description of a new species from the Western Indian Ocean (Teleostei: Synodontidae). Zootaxa 2419:63-68. (Ref. 84021)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.3 - 26.7, mean 25.2 °C (based on 25 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00219 - 0.00954), b=3.16 (2.99 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .