Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 6.5; dH range: ? - 5; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 24°C - 30°C (Ref. 13371)
Asia: Mekong, Chao Phraya and Meklong basins; also from the northern Malay Peninsula.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27732)
Has about 10-12 dark vertical bars on the side; a series of small, dark, vertical marks on the lower anterior part of the body above the level of the pectoral fin; a black margin and 2-3 longitudinal rows of black spots on the dorsal fin; several vertical bars or rows of spots on the caudal fin (Ref. 27732); 12-14 branched dorsal-fin rays; erect ethmoid spine never perpendicular to snout when viewed from above; small mental lobe, lower lip without papillae (Ref. 12693).
Usually found in large rivers with a muddy substrate (Ref. 27732) and also with bottom cover of rocks, logs, or even brush piles. Nocturnal or crepuscular fish. Feeds on mollusks, benthic insect larvae and worms. Moves into flooded areas during the rainy season and returns to rivers during November and December. Sometimes marketed fresh. Made into prahoc along the Tonlé Sap, Cambodia (Ref. 12693)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00251 - 0.01446), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .