Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Stolephorus: Greek, stole, -es = garment + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range - 50 m (Ref. 189), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 29°N - 1°N, 98°E - 125°E (Ref. 189)
Western Pacific: Singapore northward to Amoy [= Xiamen]. Almost certainly misidentified as Stolephorus commersonii, thus data not retrievable.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189); max. published weight: 3.87 g (Ref. 124712)
soft rays: 18 - 20. Belly with 4 to 7 small needle-like pre-pelvic scutes. Maxilla tip pointed, reaching to hind border of pre-operculum, the latter convex, rounded. Small teeth present on upper edge of hyoid bones. Pelvic fin tips not reaching to below dorsal fin origin. Anal fin short, its origin under front half of dorsal fin base.
Presumably coastal, pelagic and schooling, but more data needed.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.1 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 336 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00249 - 0.01105), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 616 [233, 1,631] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.22 [1.26, 4.09] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.9, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.36 [0.16, 0.84] g/100g ; Selenium = 55.8 [20.7, 118.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 34 [8, 139] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.61 [1.54, 4.22] mg/100g (wet weight);