Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Stolephorus: Greek, stole, -es = garment + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335); babarani: Named for Prof. Ricardo P. Babaran, the University of the Philippines Visayas, for his great contributions to surveys by the authors and other collaborators at Iloilo during 2013-2017, when the new species was collected..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic. Tropical
Western Pacific: Philippines.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 121596)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 20 - 23;
Vertebrae: 39. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: upper jaw rather long, 20.8-22.3% SL (mean 21.3%), with posterior tip slightly short of or just reaching posterior margin of opercle; snout short, 3.6-3.9% SL (mean 3.8%) without predorsal scute; pelvic scute no spine; gill rakers on first gill arch, 16-18 (mode 17) in upper series, 21-23 (22) in lower series, 38-41 (40) in total; gill rakers on second gill arch 10-13 (12) in upper series, 18-21 (20) in lower series, 30-33 (31) in total; gill rakers on third gill arch 8-9 (9) in upper series, 11-13 (12) in lower series, 19-22 (21) in total; gill rakers on fourth gill arch 7-8 (8) in upper series, 9-11 (10) in lower, 16-18 (18) in total; gill rakers of third gill arch 4-6 (5) on hind face; prepelvic scutes 4-6 (6); transverse scales 8; pseudobranchial filaments 17-23 (20); paired dark patches present on parietal and occipital regions; without dark lines on dorsum; with numerous black spots on suborbital area (in adults), snout and tip of lower jaw; head is rather short, 23.9-25.5% SL (mean 24.6%); pelvic fin is relatively long, 8.1-9.4% SL (8.8%), depressed pelvic fin do not usually reach posteriorly to vertical through dorsal-fin origin; D-P1 distance 32.8-36.5% SL (35.1%), 133.9-151.8% HL (143.0%) (Ref. 121596).
Known to be abundantly landed at the fish markets during July to September (Ref. 121596).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hata, H., S. Lavoué and H. Motomura, 2020. Stolephorus babarani, a new species of anchovy (Teleostei: Clupeiformes: Engraulidae) from Panay Island, central Philippines. Zootaxa 4718(4):509-520. (Ref. 121596)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00254 - 0.01136), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).