Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Sicydiinae
Etymology: Stiphodon: Greek, stiphos, -eos, -oys = mass + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); carisa: Name from the Latin noun carisa, meaning an artful woman; alludes to the unique patterns and color occurring in each female of the species; noun in apposition (Ref. 74937)
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; amphidromous; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Sumatra, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 74937); 4.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Predorsal scales sexually dimorphic in number: male with 5-11 and female with 8-16; slightly embedded cycloid scales present on belly. Male with a triangular-shaped first-dorsal fin with
third and/or fourth spines longest but not filamentous and a patch of white fatty tissue posterior to pectoral-fin base. Female usually with 5 (4-5) dusky to blackish blotches or spots along lateral midline from second-dorsal fin with usually 4 (3-4) posterior-most spots positioned close together on caudal peduncle, dusky band extending from anterior to eye to upper hypural base usually indistinct posterior to pectoral-fin base, with or without a dusky or black gular blotch, and in some females xanthism exists which fades in preservation and in life yellow with orange to bright red markings (Ref. 74937).
Stiphodon carisa is collected over gravel in a wide, shallow medium-sized river with gravel riffles and sandy runs (Ref. 74937).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Watson, R.E., 2008. A new species of Stiphodon from southern Sumatra (Pisces: Gobioidei: Sicydiinae). Zootaxa 1715:43-56. (Ref. 74937)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .