Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Stethojulis: Greek, stetho, stethion = brest; literal = to prick a little breast + Greek, ioulis, a fish dealing with genera Coris or Thalassoma (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 18 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 35°N - 33°S, 32°E - 168°E
Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref.80050); Red Sea and East Africa to Papua New Guinea, south to Lord Howe Island. Unknown from Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26587)
soft rays: 11. True form has interrupted mid-lateral stripe. Female with yellow stripe from the tip of snout to just past axil, running below eye where pale silvery-blue; male with continuous mid-lateral line and dark 'ear' (Ref. 48636).
Coastal to outer reef crests. In Japan, it is found in areas of mixed sand, rock and coral (Ref. 9710). Occurs in small groups to about 20 m depth (Ref. 48636). Feeds by sorting small animals from mouthfuls of sand and detritus.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 2000. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Stethojulis, with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (31):42 p. (Ref. 36378)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.3 - 29.2, mean 28.4 °C (based on 2808 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00548 - 0.01741), b=3.07 (2.92 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 101 [60, 174] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.771 [0.443, 1.442] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [15.6, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.152 [0.096, 0.245] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.8 [12.1, 38.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 150 [46, 547] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.85 [1.26, 2.92] mg/100g (wet weight);