Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squatiniformes
(Angel sharks) > Squatinidae
Etymology: Squatina: Latin, squatina, -ae = a kind of shark (Ref. 45335); pseudocellata: The epithet is a combination of the Latin pseudo (meaning false) and ocellata (ocelli) referring to the indistinct ocellate markings on the pectoral fins (Ref. 74939). More on authors: Last & White.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 150 - 312 m (Ref. 74939). Tropical; 18°S - 25°S
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Indian Ocean: Australia. Endemic to tropical and subtropical Western Australia between Port Hedland and Dorre Island; demersal on the outer continental shelf and upper slope in depths of 150-312 m (Ref. 74939).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 74939); 64.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body strongly depressed anteriorly, firm. Trunk strongly depressed, almost ray-like, deepest over abdomen; not tapering abruptly at pelvic-fin insertion, tail strongly depressed, even at origin of caudal fin. Abdomen moderately elongate. Head broad, extended laterally, strongly depressed. Dermal denticles covering entire dorsal surface of body; less dense, absent on posterior borders of fins (Ref. 74939).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R. and W.T. White, 2008. Three new angel sharks (Chondrichthyes:Squatinidae) from the Indo-Australian region. Zootaxa 1734:1-26. (Ref. 74939)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.1 - 20.4, mean 18.9 °C (based on 8 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00273 - 0.01920), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .