Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436); lobularis: Name from Latin word 'lobus', referring to its diagnostic broad and lobe-like dorsal and pectoral fins..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Southwest Atlantic: from southern Brazil to Uruguay, Patagonia in Argentina where it seems to be more common.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 64.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 109601); 72.5 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: dorsal fins markedly broad and lobe-like and with a short clasper groove, not reaching the rhipidion; differs from S. mitsukurii by having a slender body (vs. highly robust), pectoral-fin posterior margin is concave (vs. straight); interorbital space narrower, 8.8%, 6.8%-8.5% TL (vs. 9.3%, 9.1%-9.8% TL); inner clasper length 1.4 times pelvic-fin inner margin length (vs. 0.7-1.1 times); differs from species of the Squalus megalops group by the having a snout relatively long (vs. short), pectoral fins markedly broad (vs. often very narrow), pectoral free rear tips rounded and lobe-like (vs. often triangular); dermal denticles tricuspidate (vs. lanceolate); further differs from all congeners by having a much larger pectoral-inner margin length (10.5%, 9.2%-11.0% TL), except from S. acanthias (Ref. 109601).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Viana, S.T.d.F., M.R. De Carvalho and U.L. Gomes, 2016. Taxonomy and morphology of species of the genus Squalus Linnaeus, 1758 from the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean (Chondrichthyes: Squaliformes: Squalidae). Zootaxa 4133(1):1-89. (Ref. 109601)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00347 - 0.02507), b=3.02 (2.79 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100).