Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436); crassispinus: Name from Latin 'crassus' meaning fat or stout and 'spinus' for thorn, referring to the unusually stout dorsal-fin spines (Ref. 58437). More on authors: Last, Edmunds & Yearsley.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 187 - 262 m (Ref. 58437). Subtropical
Eastern Indian Ocean: northwestern Australia; probably occurs more widely in the eastern Indian Ocean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58437); 58.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This small species of the 'megalops-cubensis group' is distinguished by the following characters: head width at mouth 9.9-11.3% TL; mouth width 2.1-2.4 times the horizontal prenarial length; direct pre-second dorsal length 3.7-4.2 times the pectoral-fin anterior margin, 2.6-2.8 times the dorsal caudal margin; preoral length 2.7-3.0 times the horizontal prenarial length, 8.3-9.2% TL; anterior nasal flap strongly bifurcate; first dorsal fin upright to raked; the exposed bases of dorsal-fin spines are very broad, 1.2-1.5% TL; both dorsal fins have short inner margins, first dorsal-fin height 1.3-1.7 times its inner margin length, second dorsal-fin height 1.1-1.3 times its inner margin length; pectoral-fin anterior margin 1.9-2.2 times its inner margin length; preventral caudal margin 2.4-4.6 times inner margin of pelvic fin; caudal fin pale with poorly demarcated, whitish posterior margin, caudal bar absent; flank denticles unicuspid; monospondylous centra 39-42 (mainly 40-41), precaudal centra 82-86, total centra 107-111 (mainly 109-110) (Ref. 58437).
Found at the lower continental shelf and upper continental slope (Ref. 58437).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Last, P.R., M. Edmunds and G.K. Yearsley, 2007. Squalus crassispinus sp. nov., a new spurdog of the 'megalops-cubensis' group' from the eastern Indian Ocean. p. 11-22. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea:Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 p. (Ref. 58437)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14 - 17.7, mean 16.5 °C (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00157 - 0.00730), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .