Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436); altipinnis: Name from Latin 'altus' for high and 'pinna' for fin, referring to the upright dorsal fin, typical of members in this 'highfin megalops group'. More on authors: Last, White & Stevens.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range ? - 305 m (Ref. 58440). Tropical
Eastern Indian Ocean: off NW Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 58.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58440)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species of the 'highfin megalops group' is distinguished by the following set of characters: abdomen depth 9.0-10.6% TL; pre-vent length 48.6-49.2% TL, about 2.5 times dorsal caudal margin; pre-second dorsal length 4.3-4.4 times pectoral-fin anterior margin, about 3.1 times dorsal caudal margin; head width about 1.5 times abdomen width; preoral length 2.9-3.2 times horizontal prenarial length, about 8.7% TL; head length 4.4-4.7 times eye length; mouth width 3.1-3.3 times length of upper labial furrow; interorbital width about 1.5 times horizontal preorbital length; fifth gill slit height 2.2-2.5% TL; strongly bifurcated anterior nasal flap; first dorsal fin upright, upper posterior margin directed posteroventrally, greatest concavity slightly closer to free rear tip than fin apex; posterior margin of second dorsal fin deeply concave; second dorsal-fin spine with a broad base; pectoral fin not falcate, anterior margin short, 13.9-14.1% TL; dorsal surface slightly darker than ventral surface, but tones not sharply demarcated on side of head; dorsal fins pale with paler tips; first dorsal-fin spine darker than base of soft portion of dorsal fin; caudal fin has a broad white posterior margin, caudal bar absent; flank denticles are weakly to moderately tricuspid; monospondylous centra 42-44, precaudal centra 88-92, total centra 114-120 (Ref. 58440).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Last, P.R., W.T. White and J.D. Stevens, 2007. New species of Squalus of the 'highfin megalops group' from the Australasian region. p. 39-53. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea:Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 p. (Ref. 58440)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00157 - 0.00730), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .