分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays)
(Mackerel sharks) > Lamnidae
(Mackerel sharks or white shark)
Etymology: Isurus: isos (Gr.), equal; oura (Gr.), tail, referring to caudal-fin lobes of I. oxyrinchus being equal in length (except that they are not; the upper is clearly longer). (See ETYFish); paucus: Latin for scarce, referring to its relative rarity compared with I. oxyrinchus. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
海; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 0 - 1752 m (Ref. 106604). Subtropical; 46°N - 38°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 43278)
Western Atlantic: Gulf Stream and Florida, USA; also Cuba. Reported from southern Brazil (Ref. 13574). Eastern Atlantic: Guinea, Ghana. Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar. Pacific Ocean: Taiwan, near Phoenix Island, and north of Hawaii (Ref. 13574).
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 216.5, range 205 - 228 cm
Max length : 427 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 106604); 417.0 cm TL (female); common length : 200 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 5217)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 0; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 0. Pectoral fins about as long as head or longer, relatively broad-tipped in young and adults; snout usually narrowly to bluntly pointed, usually not acute; cusps of upper and lower anterior teeth straighter, with tips not reversed (Ref. 43278). Caudal fin lunate, with a very long lower lobe (Ref. 13574). Dark blue above, white below, with dusky markings on underside of snout, around mouth (Ref. 6581).
Oceanic species that probably approaches land to give birth (Ref. 13574, 58302). Epipelagic (Ref. 58302). Presumably feeds on schooling fishes and pelagic cephalopods (Ref. 247). Ovoviviparous, embryos feeding on yolk sac and other ova produced by the mother (Ref. 50449). With 2 pups in a litter (Ref. 247). Potentially dangerous because of its large size and big teeth (Ref. 13574). Utilized fresh, frozen, and dried or salted for human consumption (Ref. 247); meat (lower quality), fins (high value in adults), jaws (highly prized), skin and cartilage (Ref.58048).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding on other ova produced by the mother (oophagy) after the yolk sac is absorbed (Ref. 50449). With litters of 2-8 pups (Ref. 247, Ref.58048). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Born at 97-120 cm TL (Ref.58048).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 126983)
絶滅危惧 (EN) (A2d); Date assessed: 05 November 2018
Traumatogenic (Ref. 13574)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 8.9 - 26.1, mean 18 °C (based on 1232 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7813 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00410 - 0.02122), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 非常に低い, １４年以上の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Fec=2).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): High vulnerability (63 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 6.65 [1.91, 34.35] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.692 [0.170, 2.038] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.6 [18.2, 22.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.407 [0.162, 0.985] g/100g ; Selenium = 41.2 [12.8, 118.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.83 [2.21, 22.76] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.328 [0.165, 0.612] mg/100g (wet weight);