Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squatiniformes
(Angel sharks) > Squatinidae
Etymology: Squatina: Latin for skate, which angel sharks superficially resemble, presumably tautonymous with Squalus squatina Linnaeus 1758 (no species mentioned). (See ETYFish); mapama: Named for the Ministerio de Agricultura y Pesca, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente, MAPAMA, which is the Spanish governmental organization that operates the R/V Miguel Oliver that facilitated the capture of this angelshark, and other new species of deepwater fishes on both sides of the Central American isthmus..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1190 - 1259 m (Ref. 125651). Tropical
Westen Central Atlantic: Panama.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 125651)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 137. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: with a single row of slightly enlarged dermal denticles along the dorsal midline extending between level just anterior of posterior insertion of pelvic fins and anterior base of first dorsal fin and continuing rearwards along dorsal ridge of tail between first and second dorsal fins; a few large denticles on top of the head; nasal flap squared with a fine fringe on ventral edge; two short lateral barbels bluntly rounded also with a fine fringed margin; males with a dorsal color pattern of small, scattered, dark spots distributed over a uniform light-brown background; pectoral-fin span 52.0-58.1% TL; pelvic-fin span 30.7-31.0 % TL; pre-pectoral-fin length 19.4-19.8% TL; trunk width 18.1-19.5% TL; head length 16.5-17.5% TL; spiracle length 2.2-2.3% TL; eye-to-spiracle length 2.2-5.0 % TL; mouth width 10.5-12.1% TL; nostril width 1.6-2.3% TL; snout-to-pectoral distance 19.4-19.8%; spiracle width 2.2-2.3% TL; pectoral-fin inner margins 17.5-18.3% (Ref. 125651).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Long, D.J., D.A. Ebert, J. Tavera, A. Acero P. and D.R. Robertson, 2021. Squatina mapama n. sp., a new cryptic species of angel shark (Elasmobranchii: Squatinidae) from the southwestern Caribbean Sea. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 38,113-130. (Ref. 125651)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).