Encrasicholina intermedia, Shiner anchovy

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Encrasicholina intermedia Hata & Motomura, 2016

Shiner anchovy
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Image of Encrasicholina intermedia (Shiner anchovy)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Engraulidae.

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> Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Encrasicholina: Greek, egkrasicholos, -os, -on = mixed with spleen;  intermedia: Name from Latin 'intermedia' referring to this species having the intermediate number of gill rakers between those of E. punctifer and E. gloria..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien. Tropical; 12°N - 40°S, 15°E - 60°E (Ref. 116573)

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Western Indian Ocean: South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya and India.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 116573)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: dorsal and anal fins possess two unbranched rays; pseudobranchial filaments 21-26 (modally 24); upper series of gill rakers 20-23 (20) on 1st gill arch, lower 26-28 (26), total 46-50 (46); upper series of gill rakers 13-14 (13) on 2nd gill arch, lower 23-25 (23), total 36-38; upper series of gill rakers 10-12 (11) on 3rd gill arch, lower 12-13 (13), total 23-25 (24); upper series of gill rakers 9-10 (10) on 4th gill arch, lower 9-11 (10), total 19-21 (20); prepelvic scutes 3-6 (5); posterior tip of the upper jaw not reaching to anterior margin of preopercle; length of first unbranched dorsal-fin ray 4.7-5.8% of SL (Ref. 116573).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

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Hata, H. and H. Motomura, 2016. Two new species of the genus Encrasicholina (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae): E. intermedia from the western Indian Ocean and E. gloria from the Persian Gulf, Red Sea and Mediterranean. Raffles Bull. Zool. 64:79-88. (Ref. 116573)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00254 - 0.01136), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).