Nomorhamphus sagittarius

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Nomorhamphus sagittarius Huylebrouck, Hadiaty & Herder, 2014

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drawing shows typical species in Zenarchopteridae.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Zenarchopteridae (Internally fertilized halfbeaks)
Etymology: Nomorhamphus: Greek, nema = filament + Greek, rhamphos = bill, peak (Ref. 45335);  sagittarius: From the Latin sagittarius, meaning archer, in allusion to the body shape of the new species, reminiscent of the shape of an arrow. A noun in apposition..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水 外洋の; 深さの範囲 0 - ? m. Tropical

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Asia: Mangola River basin (Sungai Mangolo, Sungai Tawo-Tawo and Sungai Watumbasi) in Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 97329); 7.3 cm SL (female)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背鰭 (合計): 11-13; 臀鰭: 14 - 17; 脊つい: 37 - 39. Nomorhamphus sagittarius can be diagnosed from all congeners by the following combination of characters: lower jaw elongated; one to seven teeth along dorsal surface of extended portion of lower jaw (absent in some specimens); fins and ventral surface of lower jaw orange; absence of black fin pigmentation; base of the pectoral fin with a distinct black spot; a lanceolate, dorsally slightly curved spiculus in the male andropodium, its middle segments in contact with the distal tip of the third anal-fin ray; seven to ten segments proximal to spinae (mode eight); segments three to seven (mode three to five) of second anal-fin ray in males with a dorsal and a ventral row of ‘subsegments’ forming small squares and rectangles of different sizes, so that these segments seem to be subdivided; second anal-fin ray with an elongated fourth or fifth segment (mode fifth) in some males (78.6% of the adult male type specimens); and third anal-fin ray slightly constricted longitudinally, giving the appearance of two distinct rays, distal part of this ray is slightly curved ventrally to contact spiculus (Ref. 97329).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Collected from three streams (Sungai Mangolo, Sungai Tawo-Tawo and Sungai Watumbasi) in Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia. There are two sampling sites for Sungai Mangolo: one is about 6-8 m wide and 10-100 cm deep with a sandy and rocky bottom and clear water at the type locality near the Scout Camping Ground of the Forestry Department area; and the other one is about 5-7 m wide, 10-50 cm deep and moderate running with a few boulders and stones at this point, is covered by rain forest canopy and with murky water due to traditional gold mining in the area. Sungai Tawo-Tawo is about 3-5 m wide and 10-50 cm deep at the sample site and characterized by a sandy and gravel bottom and by clear water with much riparian vegetation. The Sungai Watumbasi is 1-3 m wide, 10-30 cm deep and characterized by a muddy-sandy bottom (Ref. 97329).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Huylebrouck, J., R.K. Hadiaty and F. Herder, 2014. Two new species of viviparous halfbreaks (Atherinomorpha: Beloniformes: Zenarchopteridae) endemic to Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia. Raffles Bulleting of Zoology 62:200-209. (Ref. 97329)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 130435)

  絶滅危惧 (EN) (B1ab(iii)); Date assessed: 16 January 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00200 - 0.01044), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).