Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei
(Sand dwellers) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335); lineopunctata: From the Latin words 'linea', line, and 'punctum', dot, in reference to the prevalence of dotted lines on the body..
More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory (Ref. 57562); depth range 3 - 35 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 15°N - 25°S, 100°E - 165°E (Ref. 57562)
Western Pacific: Sumatra, Sulawesi, Philippines, to Great Barrier Reef, Solomon Islands, Lord Howe Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57562); 7.6 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 16 - 18. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D V,21; A I,17; 14-16 (rarely 14 or 16) pectoral rays; 45-51 lateral-line scales; about 4 predorsal scales; ctenoid scales on cheek, in 5-6 horizontal rows; 3-4 + 8-10 gill rakers; front of lower jaw with 8 canine teeth; with palatine teeth; upper edge of subopercle with a prominent sharp spine; middle dorsal spine longest; membrane from last dorsal spine joined to base of first soft ray; body pale greenish to pale yellow dorsally, white below, with a series of 5 broad double dark bars on back, smaller posteriorly; lower part of body with a series of 9 bars, the top of each with a short blackish dash; a black line runs from the front of upper lip to eye, sometimes with 1-3 iridescent pale blue lines on snout and cheek below eye; 2 rows of black dots from behind eye along back to about middle of body, 1 row just above and the other just below lateral line; rear of cheek and lower opercle with black dots, often continuing in irregular rows anteriorly on body; first dorsal fin with a large dusky to dark brown spot at base, and often a submarginal dark brown or red line (or combined dark brown and red) (Ref. 57562).
The species is generally found in calm environments on sand or rubble near reefs. A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 057562). Minimum depth of 3 m reported from Ref. 57562.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 2003. Review of the sandperches of the Parapercis cylindrica complex (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae), with description of two new species from the western Pacific. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers (72):1-19. (Ref. 57562)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion