Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
marina; brackvatten revassocierade; djupintervall 10 - 219 m (Ref. 9710), usually ? - 40 m (Ref. 5288). Subtropical; 43°N - 50°S, 88°W - 154°W (Ref. 57378)
Eastern Atlantic: off the African coast, from Senegal to Southwest Africa, with a single record from St. Helena. Western Atlantic: off the coast of New Jersey (USA), Bermuda, Bahamas, Gulf of Mexico and throughout the island groups of the Caribbean to the southernmost coast of Brazil. Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and the East African coast to the Society and Hawaiian islands, north to Japan, south to Australia and New Zealand.
Not in Eastern Pacific (Ref. 123477 ver. 09Nov2021).
Size / Vikt / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 48635); common length : 10.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 3585); publicerad maxvikt: 32.90 g (Ref. 118626)
Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 3; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 11-12; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 7. Diagnosis: body short and globose; mouth large with many small, villiform teeth; skin rough, covered with bifurcate dermal spinules; pectoral-fin lobes attached to sides of body; illicium at most as long as second dorsal-fin spine; head, body and fins entirely covered with rough, parallel, dark streaks (Ref. 57225).
Inhabit rocky and coral reefs, on rocks, sand or rubble (Ref. 9710). Found in weedy estuaries along the east coast of southern Africa (Ref. 4113). Occurring in marine or brackish waters (Ref. 57225). In the Atlantic, it is found at an average depth of 40 m (Ref. 5288). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Observed to inflate itself greatly like the puffers (Ref. 5521). Oviparous. Males have more intense coloration and extended cutaneous appendages than females (Ref. 205). Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver
Oviparous. Males have more intense coloration and extended cutaneous appendages than females (Ref. 205). Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773).
Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker, 1987. Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fiskeri: saknar intresse; Akvarium: Kommersiell
MedarbetareBilderStamps, Coins Misc.LjudCiguateraHastighetSimsättGälytaOtolithsHjärnstorlekSyn
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 18.2 - 28.6, mean 27 °C (based on 287 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.7 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179
): Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (Fec = 73,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 26.8 [11.8, 72.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.576 [0.292, 1.139] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.1, 23.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.214 [0.076, 0.560] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.7 [6.2, 38.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 88.5 [18.8, 404.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.736 [0.437, 1.191] mg/100g (wet weight);