Considered as synonym of Salmo trutta according to Kalyci et al., 2018 (Ref. 121837). This species summary page will be deleted; Black Sea strain under the senior synonym.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
laut; air tawar; payau dasar (demersal); anadromus (ruaya dari laut ke air tawar) (Ref. 51243). Temperate
Eurasia: rivers draining to Black Sea; Lipkovska stream in upper Vardar drainage (Macedonia).
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 59043)
Distinguished from congeners in Black Sea basin by its unique caudal fin only slightly emarginate and yellow or orange eggs, about 5 mm in diameter. Can be further separated from other species of the genus by having 16-18 gill rakers, usually 18 ( vs. 13-18, usually 16, in Salmo trutta) (Ref. 59043).
There are anadromous, lacustrine and resident forms. At the sea, it occurs along coasts at depths of up to 50 m. Undertakes migration to hill streams. Resident part of populations live in streams and uppermost reaches with fast current, cold clear water and stone or gravel bottom. Spawns in upper reaches with fast current. Spawns in October-January. Parrs live in rivers and streams for 2-4 years, then smoltify and migrate to sea or mature in freshwater. Spends 2-4 years in the sea. Parrs and resident adults feed on aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates. Anadromous and large lacustrine individuals prey mostly on fish and large crustaceans. Anadromous individuals feed while in rivers. Damming hinders most returning adults to reach spawning sites (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 126983)
ancaman kepada manusia
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanNutrientsMass conversion
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00488 - 0.02245), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): sangat rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum lebih dari 14 tahun (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (59 of 100).